Center for Injury Research and Prevention

Evaluating predictive screening for children's post-injury mental health: New data and a replication.

TitleEvaluating predictive screening for children's post-injury mental health: New data and a replication.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKassam-Adams N, Marsac ML, García-España FJ, Winston FK
JournalEur J Psychotraumatol
Volume6
Pagination29313
Date Published12/2015
ISSN2000-8066
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recommended approaches for secondary prevention of posttrauma mental health difficulties in children require empirically sound predictive screening to determine which children require more intensive monitoring or targeted intervention. Although there are several promising screening tools for injured children, none has emerged as the gold standard, and little replication data are available regarding their performance.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a predictive screening protocol for risk of later posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depression outcomes and address a crucial lack of replication studies by examining performance of two previously published screening tools (Screening Tool for Early Predictors of PTSD [STEPP] and Child Trauma Screening Questionnaire [CTSQ]).

METHOD: The study enrolled 290 children hospitalized after acute injury. A three-part screening protocol, including acute PTS and depression symptoms and other empirically derived risk factors, was administered in hospital as part of a stepped care study. PTS and depression symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) were assessed 6 months post-injury.

DOI10.3402/ejpt.v6.29313
Alternate JournalEur J Psychotraumatol
PubMed ID26673453