Center for Injury Research and Prevention

Longitudinal study of driver licensing rates among adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder.

TitleLongitudinal study of driver licensing rates among adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCurry AE, Yerys BE, Huang P, Metzger K
JournalAutism
Pagination1362361317699586
Date Published04/2017
Type of Articlejournal
ISSN1461-7005
Abstract

Driving may increase mobility and independence for adolescents with autism without intellectual disability (autism spectrum disorder); however, little is known about rates of licensure. To compare the proportion of adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder who acquire a learner's permit and driver's license, as well as the rate at which they progress through the licensing system, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 52,172 New Jersey residents born in the years 1987-1995 who were patients of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia healthcare network ⩾12 years of age; 609 (1.2%) had an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis. Electronic health records were linked to New Jersey's driver licensing database (2004-2012). Kaplan-Meier curves and log-binomial regression models were used to determine the age at and rate of licensure, and estimate adjusted risk ratios. One in three adolescents with autism spectrum disorder acquired a driver's license versus 83.5% for other adolescents and at a median of 9.2 months later. The vast majority (89.7%) of those with autism spectrum disorder who acquired a permit and were fully eligible to get licensed acquired a license within 2 years. Results indicated that a substantial proportion of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder do get licensed and that license-related decisions are primarily made prior to acquisition of a permit instead of during the learning-to-drive process.

DOI10.1177/1362361317699586
Alternate JournalAutism
PubMed ID28374599