Virtual Driving Skills Assessment

In partnership with CHOP spin-out company Diagnostic Driving, Inc., CIRP researchers have built and validated a virtual driving skills assessment -- Ready-Assess™ -- to screen driver’s license applicants before they take their on-road examination (ORE).

The self-guided software takes them through a simulated drive that automatically assesses their ability to drive safely and avoid collisions.

Simulation software allows for safe and reproducible exposure to the most common serious crash scenarios and real-time measurement of performance. The first application of this software in Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (OBMV)'s licensing centers demonstrated its ability to predict ORE performance, as well as its practical implementation in state licensing center workflows.

Diagnostic Driving’s Ready-Assess™ is grounded in over a decade of young driver research, culminating in the development and validation of CIRP’s Simulated Driving Assessment which runs on CIRP’s high-fidelity fixed-based simulator. Ready-Assess™ is the next generation of this driving skills assessment, making it available for broad deployment in non-research settings without the need for an expensive, large simulator.

Research Projects

Ohio Portable Driving Simulator System Pilot (2017-2019)

CIRP collaborated with Diagnostic Driving, Inc., the Ohio Department of Public Safety, and the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) to adapt and pilot a previously validated virtual driving test,  Ready-Assess™, to identify underprepared new license applicants as part of the licensing process and before the state's on-road exam. Results demonstrated the PDSS was highly scalable and could accurately detect underprepared applicants.

Principal Investigators: Flaura Winston, MD, PhD, Elizabeth Walshe, PhD

Funding: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the State of Ohio

Read the October 2020 Health Affairs Article About the Ohio Pilot's Implications for Policy

Read a Report About the Ohio PDSS Pilot  

Read the Blog Post, The Difference Between a Driving Simulator and Our Virtual Driving Test

Read More About Diagnostic Driving, Inc. and Its Software-As-A-Service Product, Ready-Assess™

Assessing Preparedness for Safe Driving Phase II
Elizabeth Walshe, PhD and Flaura Winston, MD, PhD are conducting research using virtual driving skills assessment.

This project aims to disseminate a virtual driving test (VDT) across Ohio to screen for those who do not have sufficient skills to proceed to the on-road driving examination (ORE). It will explore the implementation and technical feasibility of operating the Predictive Driver Simulator System, which is the process for administering the VDT, in the context of driver education and training.

Additional data analyses will examine VDT data to: 1) confirm the predictive ability of the VDT in a school-based setting; 2) determine preparedness of new license applicants who are 18 years old and older based on VDT and ORE results; 3) evaluate new driver preparedness across driver's education and training.

Principal Investigators: Flaura Winston, MD, PhD, Elizabeth Walshe, PhD

Funding: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the State of Ohio

Determining Critical Skill Deficits That Predict Novice Driver Crashes

This three-year prospective study is using the virtual driving test at point of licensure, as well as state licensing data and crash outcomes data, to significantly advance our ability to identify skill deficits at the individual level that predict crash outcomes and to design interventions that can improve driving skills prior to independent driving.

This project is the first to use the normative dataset of novice drivers that contains protected data on 25,000 drivers at their point of licensure. 

Principal Investigators: Flaura Winston, MD, PhD, Elizabeth Walshe, PhD

Funding: National Institutes of Health (National Institute for Child Health and Development)