Center for Injury Research and Prevention

ICYMI February 2020

March 2, 2020

Here is our monthly roundup of newsworthy articles in child injury prevention.

Reduced Crash Risk with Later School Start Times

A new study found that automobile crash risk decreased after implementation of a later school start time among high school students in Virginia. 

Unsupervised Access to Medication by Children

Among nearly 4,500 individuals who called Poison Control regarding a child's unsupervised exposure to medication, more than half of exposures were removed from original packaging. In particular, medications for ADHD and opioids were frequently not in any container when accessed by children.

Opioid Misuse: New Direction for Research

This review article finds that while many studies of opioid misuse in youths and young adults focus on epidemiology and risk factors, very few longitudinal studies that examine the trajectory of opioid misuse exist. In addition, there is a need to identify more evidence-based prevention or early intervention programs. 

Suicide Risk And Sexual Orientation

While suicide attempts among students identifying as a sexual minority declined from 2009 to 2017, the proportion of youths identifying as a sexual minority nearly doubled in this time frame. Youths reporting minority sexual orientation identity remain a high risk group and represent an increasing proportion of all suicide attempts among adolescents. 

2019 National Youth Tobacco Survey

Results from the National Youth Tobacco Survey were released by the FDA and CDC, reporting alarming rates of e-cigarette use among middle- and high-schoolers. The survey also explores reasons why youths turn to e-cigarettes.

Pedestrian Safety and Texting

This study found that texting while walking was more dangerous than talking on the phone or listening to music.