Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Imaging is a tool being used by CIRP's Teen Driving Safety researchers to learn about the neural components of driving among adolescents.
The Center for Injury Research and Prevention has a variety of research tools and data resources that were developed utilizing our interdiscplinary approach to child injury prevention science. The following survey instruments have been used in CIRP studies described in published scientific articles. For more information on these research tools and data resources for researchers or to request a specific measure, please contact us.
Driver Safety Research Tools and Data Resources for Researchers
- Normative Dataset of Novice Drivers -- CIRP researchers have leveraged their exclusive access to an innovative data source to investigate safety-critical driving skill deficits in novice drivers. Led by Flaura Winston, MD, PhD, they linked Ohio licensing and crash data to driver performance data on a new virtual driving skills assessment adopted by the state and delivered before the on-road licensing examination. Researchers are then relating the applicants' skill deficits to known risk factors (age, sex) to predict crashes during the first year of driving. The result is a normative dataset of more than 25,000 drivers at the point of licensure that may be used as a prototype for building out future datasets of clinical populations (i.e. HIV, epilepsy, neurosurgery) to improve safety guidelines and policy.
- New Jersey Safety and Health Outcomes (NJ-SHO) Data Warehouse -- This research tool is being used by CIRP researchers and collaborators to advance safety and health research and associated epidemiologic methods through novel administrative data linkages. Led by Allison E. Curry, PhD, MPH, the research team has developed a comprehensive data warehouse that includes the full licensing, citation, and crash history of every New Jersey driver between 2004 and 2018. It also includes rich statewide data on all outpatient, inpatient, and emergency department visits to NJ hospitals over this time period, both for injury and non-injury reasons.
- CIRP Driving Simulator Core -- Our researchers are dedicated to understanding driving behaviors and performance to help improve the safety and health of children, adolescents, and young adults through qualitative and quantitative research conducted with our state-of-the art driving simulators. We also provide the technical and administrative support for other researchers to conduct simulator-based observational studies.
- Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP2) -- A data set of on-road naturalistic driving of 542 teens (16 to 19 years old) and 560 adults (35 to 54 years old) is available to study the specific challenges inherent to teen driving. This data set contains information on 1,484 crashes and near crashes, which happened during the two years drivers were recorded, and a large number of dynamic variables during each event. In addition, this data set contains demographic, health and behavioral data from 300 questions that were asked from all drivers in the study. It also contains summaries of 1.7 million trips that were collectively driven by the 1,000+ drivers over the course of two years. Driving videos and numerical data are available for analysis, as well as sample Matlab™ code.
- National Young Driver Survey (NYDS) -- The National Young Driver Survey was created to learn about the adolescent perspective on driving safety in order to provide a better understanding of factors that influence teens' safety and exposure to driving hazards. The survey asks participants varied driving-related questions to discover their views regarding and exposure to risk and safety, both as a driver and as a teen-driven passenger. In early 2006, the survey was administered to a nationally representative sample of 5,665 9th, 10th, and 11th graders in 68 public high schools in 34 states.
- Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Imaging -- This tool is being used by CIRP to learn about the neural components of driving. Using MEG imaging and portable simulator drives, our researchers are able to capture the brain’s ability to handle complex real-world driving tasks that rely on the integration of information from multiple systems in the brain (visual, motor and cognitive systems). Through a partnership between CIRP and the neuroradiology MEG Imaging Center at CHOP, extensive research expertise and advanced technology is brought together to establish a new Neuroscience of Driving Research Program that will bridge basic neuroscience with applied driving research at the clinical and broader population level.
Child Passenger Safety Tools for Researchers
- Partners for Child Passenger Safety (PCPS) -- The validated PCPS survey instrument can be used to collect information about circumstances surrounding motor vehicle crashes and to identify injuries in children. The questionnaire asks about demographics and restraint information for drivers and passengers, as well as circumstances surrounding the motor vehicle crash. Information gathered from the survey can accurately determine the body regions and severity of any injuries present. The injury portion of the instrument is not specific to motor vehicle crashes and can be asked about any mechanism.
- National Child Occupant Special Study (NCOSS) -- The validated NCOSS survey instrument can be used to collect information about circumstances surrounding motor vehicle crashes and to identify injuries in children. It is an updated version of the previously used PCPS survey. The questionnaire asks about demographics and restraint information for drivers and passengers, as well as circumstances surrounding the motor vehicle crash. Information gathered from the survey can accurately determine the body regions and severity of any injuries present. The injury portion of the instrument is not specific to motor vehicle crashes and can be asked about any mechanism.
Concussion Tools for Researchers
- Pediatric Provider Survey on Concussion -- This cross-sectional survey instrument was distributed to pediatric primary care and emergency medicine providers in a single, large pediatric care network. For all survey participants, practices and attitudes about concussion diagnosis and treatment were queried. It includes multiple-choice, Likert-scale, and free-text questions. The items ask about demographics, self-reported knowledge about concussion, concussion management practices, and barriers to certain aspects of concussion management.