|Title||Actions without consequences: injury-related messages in children's programs.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2000|
|Authors||Winston FK, Duyck Woolf K, Jordan A, Bhatia E|
|Journal||Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med|
|Date Published||2000 Apr|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Health Behavior, Humans, Infant, Risk-Taking, Safety, Television|
OBJECTIVE: To characterize children's television programs in terms of their unintentional injury-related messages.
DESIGN: Content analysis. Episodes representing a total of 216 unique television programs were coded for the presence of imitable unsafe behaviors without consequences.
SETTING: A census of all children's programming airing in a northeastern city during the first week of December 1996.
RESULTS: Exactly 47.0% of children's programming depicted at least 1 instance of unsafe, imitable behavior without consequences; one third had more than 3 instances. Exactly 51.0% of the programs targeted to school-age children and 33.4% of the programs targeted to preschoolers contained these unsafe behaviors. The majority (56.8%) of children's programs on basic cable television depicted unsafe behavior as compared with 23.1% of programs shown on public television. Cartoon programs depicted the most unsafe behaviors (60.3%), as compared with live-action programs (33.4%) and other genres (23.3%).
CONCLUSIONS: Children's television programs depict too many unsafe behaviors without consequences. Future work should explore the role of these programs in the development of unsafe behaviors in children.
|Alternate Journal||Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med|