Center for Injury Research and Prevention

Factors influencing pediatric injury in side impact collisions.

TitleFactors influencing pediatric injury in side impact collisions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsArbogast KB, Moll EK, Morris SD, Anderko RL, Durbin D, Winston FK
JournalAnnu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med
Date Published2000
KeywordsAbbreviated Injury Scale, Accidents, Traffic, Adolescent, Age Factors, Body Height, Body Weight, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Pennsylvania, Risk Factors, United States, Wounds and Injuries

Side impacts collisions pose a great risk to children in crashes but information about the injury mechanisms is limited. The heights and weights of children vary widely and as a result, the injury patterns may vary across the pediatric age range. This study involves a case series of children in side impact collisions who were identified through Partners for Child Passenger Safety, a large child-focused crash surveillance system. The aim of the current study was to use in-depth crash investigations to identify injury mechanisms to children in side impact collisions. 93 children in 55 side impact crashes were studied. 23% (n = 22) of the children received an AIS > or = 2 (clinically significant) injury. In these 22 children, head (39%), extremity (22%), and abdominal injuries (17%) were the most common significant injuries. The cases revealed that serious injuries occur even in minor crashes. Cases that illustrate body region-specific injury mechanisms are discussed.

Alternate JournalAnnu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med
PubMed ID11558098