|Title||Mind wandering behind the wheel: performance and oculomotor correlates.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||He J, Becic E, Lee Y-C, McCarley JS|
|Date Published||2011 Feb|
|Keywords||Adult, Attention, Automobile Driving, Computer Simulation, Eye Movements, Female, Humans, Illinois, Male, Task Performance and Analysis, Young Adult|
OBJECTIVE: An experiment studied the frequency and correlates of driver mind wandering.
BACKGROUND: Driver mind wandering is associated with risk for crash involvement. The present experiment examined the performance and attentional changes by which this effect might occur.
METHOD: Participants performed a car-following task in a high-fidelity driving simulator and were asked to report any time they caught themselves mind wandering. Vehicle control and eye movement data were recorded.
RESULTS: As compared with their attentive performance, participants showed few deficits in vehicle control while mind wandering but tended to focus visual attention narrowly on the road ahead.
CONCLUSION: Data suggest that mind wandering can engender a failure to monitor the environment while driving.
APPLICATION: Results identify behavioral correlates and potential risks of mind wandering that might enable efforts to detect and mitigate driver inattention.
|Alternate Journal||Hum Factors|