|Title||Protective Effects of Adolescent-Adult Connection on Male Youth in Urban Environments.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Culyba AJ, Ginsburg KR, Fein JA, Branas CC, Richmond TS, Wiebe DJ|
|Journal||J Adolesc Health|
|Date Published||2016 Feb|
PURPOSE: Positive adult connection has been linked with protective effects among U.S. adolescents. Less is known about the impact of adult connection across multiple health domains for youth in low-resource urban environments. We examined the associations between adult connection and school performance, substance use, and violence exposure among youth in low-resource neighborhoods.
METHODS: We recruited a population-based random sample of 283 male adolescents in Philadelphia. Age-adjusted logistic regression tested whether positive adult connection promoted school performance and protected against substance use and violence exposure.
RESULTS: Youth with a positive adult connection had significantly higher odds of good school performance (odds ratio [OR], 2.8; p < .05), and lower odds of alcohol use (OR, .4; p < .05), violence involvement (OR, .3-.4; p < .05), and violence witnessing (OR, .3; p < .05).
CONCLUSIONS: Promoting adult connection may help safeguard youth in urban contexts. Youth-serving professionals should consider assessing adult connection as part of a strengths-based approach to health promotion for youth in low-resource neighborhoods.
|Alternate Journal||J Adolesc Health|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4724385|
|Grant List||K02 AA017974 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States |
R01 AA014944 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States
T32 HD043021 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States