Center for Injury Research and Prevention

Protective Effects of Adolescent-Adult Connection on Male Youth in Urban Environments.

TitleProtective Effects of Adolescent-Adult Connection on Male Youth in Urban Environments.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsCulyba AJ, Ginsburg KR, Fein JA, Branas CC, Richmond TS, Wiebe DJ
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Date Published2016 Feb

PURPOSE: Positive adult connection has been linked with protective effects among U.S. adolescents. Less is known about the impact of adult connection across multiple health domains for youth in low-resource urban environments. We examined the associations between adult connection and school performance, substance use, and violence exposure among youth in low-resource neighborhoods.

METHODS: We recruited a population-based random sample of 283 male adolescents in Philadelphia. Age-adjusted logistic regression tested whether positive adult connection promoted school performance and protected against substance use and violence exposure.

RESULTS: Youth with a positive adult connection had significantly higher odds of good school performance (odds ratio [OR], 2.8; p < .05), and lower odds of alcohol use (OR, .4; p < .05), violence involvement (OR, .3-.4; p < .05), and violence witnessing (OR, .3; p < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: Promoting adult connection may help safeguard youth in urban contexts. Youth-serving professionals should consider assessing adult connection as part of a strengths-based approach to health promotion for youth in low-resource neighborhoods.

Alternate JournalJ Adolesc Health
PubMed ID26802994
PubMed Central IDPMC4724385
Grant ListK02 AA017974 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AA014944 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States
T32 HD043021 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States