Center for Injury Research and Prevention

A Review of Hazard Anticipation Training Programs for Young Drivers.

TitleA Review of Hazard Anticipation Training Programs for Young Drivers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMcDonald CC, Goodwin AH, Pradhan AK, Romoser MRE, Williams AF
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Issue1 Suppl
Date Published2015 Jul

PURPOSE: Poor hazard anticipation skills are a risk factor associated with high motor vehicle crash rates of young drivers. A number of programs have been developed to improve these skills. The purpose of this review was to assess the empirical literature on hazard anticipation training for young drivers.

METHODS: Studies were included if they (1) included an assessment of hazard anticipation training outcomes; (2) were published between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 2013 in an English language peer-reviewed journal or conference proceeding; and (3) included at least one group that uniquely comprised a cohort of participants aged <21 years. Nineteen studies met inclusion criteria.

RESULTS: Studies used a variety of training methods including interactive computer programs, videos, simulation, commentary driving, or a combination of approaches. Training effects were predominantly measured through computer-based testing and driving simulation with eye tracking. Four studies included an on-road evaluation. Most studies evaluated short-term outcomes (immediate or few days). In all studies, young drivers showed improvement in selected hazard anticipation outcomes but none investigated crash effects.

CONCLUSIONS: Although there is promise in existing programs, future research should include long-term follow-up, evaluate crash outcomes, and assess the optimal timing of hazard anticipation training taking into account the age and experience level of young drivers.

Alternate JournalJ Adolesc Health
PubMed ID26112734
PubMed Central IDPMC4483194
Grant ListK99 NR013548 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
R00 NR013548 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
Z99 HD999999 / / Intramural NIH HHS / United States