|Title||A Review of Hazard Anticipation Training Programs for Young Drivers.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||McDonald CC, Goodwin AH, Pradhan AK, Romoser MRE, Williams AF|
|Journal||J Adolesc Health|
|Date Published||2015 Jul|
PURPOSE: Poor hazard anticipation skills are a risk factor associated with high motor vehicle crash rates of young drivers. A number of programs have been developed to improve these skills. The purpose of this review was to assess the empirical literature on hazard anticipation training for young drivers.
METHODS: Studies were included if they (1) included an assessment of hazard anticipation training outcomes; (2) were published between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 2013 in an English language peer-reviewed journal or conference proceeding; and (3) included at least one group that uniquely comprised a cohort of participants aged <21 years. Nineteen studies met inclusion criteria.
RESULTS: Studies used a variety of training methods including interactive computer programs, videos, simulation, commentary driving, or a combination of approaches. Training effects were predominantly measured through computer-based testing and driving simulation with eye tracking. Four studies included an on-road evaluation. Most studies evaluated short-term outcomes (immediate or few days). In all studies, young drivers showed improvement in selected hazard anticipation outcomes but none investigated crash effects.
CONCLUSIONS: Although there is promise in existing programs, future research should include long-term follow-up, evaluate crash outcomes, and assess the optimal timing of hazard anticipation training taking into account the age and experience level of young drivers.
|Alternate Journal||J Adolesc Health|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4483194|
|Grant List||K99 NR013548 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States |
R00 NR013548 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
Z99 HD999999 / / Intramural NIH HHS / United States