|Title||Childhood Traumatic Stress and the Emergency Department Visit|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Berkowitz SJ, Fein JA|
|Journal||Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine|
In 2008, 45.4 million injured youth were treated in an emergency department (ED) in the United States, most (87.4%) released after treatment. Many of these youth present with significant emotional distress with approximately 20% at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder and other posttrauma-related psychiatric issues. While performing their primary medical functions, ED personnel can also provide psychological support and stabilization that can promote psychological recovery and prevent the onset of posttraumatic difficulties. In addition, the provision of psychoeducation to caregivers and youth about typical posttraumatic reactions both in the ED and upon discharge provides families with information that allows them to recognize that their reactions are not abnormal and also when it is necessary to seek addition psychological help. Increasingly, there are early interventions that appear to prevent the development of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder as well as effective treatments that ED personnel can both describe and refer to.