|Title||Characteristics and Behavioral Risk Factors of Firearm-exposed Youth in an Urban Emergency Department|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Abaya R, Atte T, Herres J, Diamond GS, Fein JA|
|Journal||Journal of Behavioral Medicine|
|Keywords||Adolescent health, Behavioral health, emergency medicine, Firearm, Suicide|
Assessing firearm access among adolescents with behavioral health risk factors is important for the primary prevention of suicide and interpersonal violence. We describe self-reported firearm access and the associated behavioral risk factors and demographic characteristics in a cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of an urban pediatric hospital from June 2013 to June 2014. A total of 2258 adolescents received a behavioral health survey to assess access to firearms inside and outside the home, mental health symptoms, and risk behaviors. One in six patients in our sample (15%) endorsed access to a firearm. Male gender, lifetime alcohol use, lifetime marijuana use, and lifetime other drug use were associated with access. Participants reporting access were more likely to report clinical levels of lifetime suicidality and depression. The odds of current suicidality were highest in those with 24-h access (OR 2.77 CI 1.73–4.46), compared to those who did not endorse access.