Center for Injury Research and Prevention

Adolescent and adult drivers' mobile phone use while driving with different interlocutors.

TitleAdolescent and adult drivers' mobile phone use while driving with different interlocutors.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMirman JH, Durbin D, Lee Y-C, Seifert SJ
JournalAccid Anal Prev
Volume104
Pagination18-23
Date Published07/2017
ISSN1879-2057
Abstract

PURPOSE: We examined the frequency of adolescents' and their parents' mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) in the context of their peer and parent-child interlocutors (i.e., communication partners), considering individual differences in perceived risk and symptoms of technology addiction.

METHODS: Ninety-four participants (47 parent-adolescent dyads) completed a survey battery measuring their symptoms of technology addiction, perceived risk of MPUWD, and MPUWD with family members and with their peers as assessed via the proportion of trips when drivers used a mobile phone to communicate.

RESULTS: For both adolescents and their parents across both types of interlocutors (parent-child, peer), stronger risk perceptions were associated with less MPUWD, and stronger symptoms of technology addiction were associated with more MPUWD. A three-way interaction among technology addiction, interlocutor (parent-child, peer), and driver (parent, adolescent) was observed. For adolescents, the association between technology addiction and MPUWD was significantly stronger for MPUWD with their peers than it was for their MPUWD with their parents; this association was not observed for parents. Parents engaged in MPUWD with their children as frequently as adolescents engaged in MPUWD with their peers.

CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms of technology addiction play a stronger role for adolescents' MPUWD with their peers than it does for adolescents' MPUWD with their parents. These and other driver-by-interlocutor interactions should be considered in future research on distracted driving and in prevention efforts.

DOI10.1016/j.aap.2017.04.014
Alternate JournalAccid Anal Prev
PubMed ID28458017