Center for Injury Research and Prevention

"Good Passengers and Not Good Passengers:" Adolescent Drivers' Perceptions About Inattention and Peer Passengers.

Title"Good Passengers and Not Good Passengers:" Adolescent Drivers' Perceptions About Inattention and Peer Passengers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMcDonald CC, Sommers MS
JournalJ Pediatr Nurs
Date Published08/2016
ISSN1532-8449
Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative focus group elicitation research study was to explore teen driver perceptions of peer passengers and driver inattention.

DESIGN & METHODS: We utilized focus groups for data collection and content analysis to analyze the data, both of which were guided by the theory of planned behavior. We conducted 7 focus groups with 30 teens, ages 16-18, licensed for ≤1year to examine attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and norms related to driving inattention and peer passengers.

RESULTS: The sample was 50% male, mean age 17.39 (SD 0.52) with mean length of licensure 173.7days (SD 109.2). Three themes emerged: 1) "Good and not good" passengers; 2) Passengers and technology as harmful and helpful; and 3) The driver is in charge.

CONCLUSIONS: While passengers can be a source of distraction, our participants also identified passenger behaviors that reduced risk, such as assistance with technology and guidance for directions.

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: An understanding of teens' perceptions of peer passengers can contribute to the development of effective interventions targeting teen driver inattention. Nurses are well-positioned to contribute to these teen crash prevention efforts.

DOI10.1016/j.pedn.2016.07.006
Alternate JournalJ Pediatr Nurs
PubMed ID27496828
Grant ListK99 NR013548 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
R00 NR013548 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States