Center for Injury Research and Prevention

ICYMI March 2019: Unrestrained Child Passengers, Smart Stop Signs, Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder, and More

April 1, 2019

Happy spring! Below is our monthly roundup of newsworthy articles in the arena of child injury prevention.

California Prioritizes Screening of Adverse Childhood Experiences

Adverse childhood experiences and their impact on physical and emotional health will be the top priority for Dr. Nadine Burke Harris, California’s newly appointed Surgeon General. 

Predicting Unrestrained Young Passengers in Motor Vehicle Crashes

CIRP Associate Fellow Mark Zonfrillo, MD, MSCE and his team recently published a study that finds, in both fatal and non-fatal crashes, driving unrestrained is a strong predictor of having young passengers ride unrestrained.

A Smart Stop Sign

A team of engineers has developed a low-cost thermal "smart" stop sign that can improve stop sign visibility. 

The Cost of Adverse Childhood Experiences

A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that adverse childhood experiences were significantly associated with increased out-of-pocket healthcare costs.

Survivors of Columbine

This Westword article explores some of the lingering posttraumatic stress symptoms, as well as "adapted coping behaviors,” among several survivors of the Columbine school shooting. 

Risks of Early Sports Specialization

A new study found an association between early specialization in sports and injuries among college athletes. 

Barriers to Use of Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder 

A recent study from CIRP Associate Fellow Kit Delgado, MD, MS and his colleagues surveyed emergency medicine physicians in two Philadelphia hospitals to explore the barriers and facilitators to starting buprenorphine, a known effective treatment for opioid addiction, in the emergency department.  

Are Teens More Hard-Wired to Take Risks Compared to Children?

In this paper, University of Pennsylvania's Dan Romer and Ivy Defoe discuss whether it is true that adolescents are inherently more risk-taking than children.