Rear seating and risk of injury to child occupants by vehicle type.

TitleRear seating and risk of injury to child occupants by vehicle type.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsWinston FK, Durbin D, Kallan MJ, Elliott MR
JournalAnnu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med
Volume45
Pagination51-60
Date Published2001
ISSN1540-0360
KeywordsAbbreviated Injury Scale, Accidents, Traffic, Adolescent, Automobiles, Child, Child, Preschool, Humans, Incidence, Insurance, Accident, United States, Wounds and Injuries
Abstract

The safety of rear-seated child passengers was evaluated across vehicle types. 113,887 children under age 16 in crashes were enrolled as part of an on-going crash surveillance system which links insurance claims data to telephone survey and crash investigation data. Children in the second row suffered less significant injuries than those in the front in all vehicle types except compact extended cab pickup trucks in which the risk for children in the rear was 13% as compared to 2.8% for front-seated occupants. Further research is needed to identify the child and vehicle characteristics which might explain this increased injury risk.

Alternate JournalAnnu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med
PubMed ID12214365