The effect of seating position on risk of injury for children in side impact collisions.

TitleThe effect of seating position on risk of injury for children in side impact collisions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsDurbin D, Elliott M, Arbogast KB, Anderko RL, Winston FK
JournalAnnu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med
Volume45
Pagination61-72
Date Published2001
ISSN1540-0360
KeywordsAccidents, Traffic, Adolescent, Automobiles, Child, Child, Preschool, Humans, Risk Assessment, Safety, United States, Wounds and Injuries
Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of seating position on risk of injury to children in side impact crashes. 5,632 children under age 16 in side impact crashes were enrolled as part of an on-going crash surveillance system which links insurance claims data to telephone survey and crash investigation data. Children seated in the front seat were at higher risk of significant injury than children seated in the rear (OR = 2.2 95% CI (1.2-3.8)). After adjusting for age, restraint use, and vehicle damage, children in the front seat were more likely to be injured (OR 2.6 95% CI (1.1-6.2)) than children seated in the rear when the child was sitting near the side of the impact. These results highlight the importance of evaluating the safety performance of both vehicles and restraint systems for children in side impact crashes.

Alternate JournalAnnu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med
PubMed ID12214366