Seat belt syndrome in children: a case report and review of the literature.

TitleSeat belt syndrome in children: a case report and review of the literature.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsDurbin D, Arbogast KB, Moll EK
JournalPediatr Emerg Care
Volume17
Issue6
Pagination474-7
Date Published2001 Dec
ISSN0749-5161
KeywordsAbdominal Injuries, Accidents, Traffic, Child, Child, Preschool, Humans, Intestinal Perforation, Jejunum, Male, Seat Belts, Spinal Injuries
Abstract

Characteristic patterns of injury to children in automobile crashes resulting from lap and lap-shoulder belts have been described for many years. These injuries are known as the "seat belt syndrome." We present a typical case of seat belt syndrome involving a 4-year-old boy and review the current literature on the topic, highlighting proposed mechanisms of intra-abdominal and spine injuries. In addition, recent research findings identifying a new pattern of injuries associated with inappropriate seat belt use in young children are reviewed. Emergency physicians must consider these seat belt-related injuries in the initial evaluation of any child involved in a motor vehicle crash who was restrained with the vehicle seat belt.

Alternate JournalPediatr Emerg Care
PubMed ID11753199