Influences on youthful driving behavior and their potential for guiding interventions to reduce crashes.

TitleInfluences on youthful driving behavior and their potential for guiding interventions to reduce crashes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsShope JT
JournalInj Prev
Volume12 Suppl 1
Paginationi9-14
Date Published2006 Jun
ISSN1353-8047
KeywordsAccidents, Traffic, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Alcohol Drinking, Attitude, Automobile Driving, Environment, Humans, Judgment, Life Style, Perception, Personality
Abstract

This paper presents an organized, comprehensive view of the factors known to influence young drivers' behavior and how those factors might inform interventions to reduce crashes. This effort was done from the perspective of a public health professional, with a background in health behavior and health education, interested in preventing injury and death among young people from motor vehicle crashes. The author's own studies, selected relevant literature, observation, and experience were considered and organized. A framework of six categories of influences on youthful driving behavior was developed, including the following elements: driving ability, developmental factors, personality factors, demographics, the perceived environment, and the driving environment. It is apparent that a complex set of many different factors influences young drivers' behavior. To reduce crashes, comprehensive, multilevel interventions are needed that target those factors in the framework that are amenable to change.

DOI10.1136/ip.2006.011874
Alternate JournalInj. Prev.
PubMed ID16788115