Recent developments in young driver education, training and licensing in Australia.

TitleRecent developments in young driver education, training and licensing in Australia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsSenserrick TM
JournalJ Safety Res
Volume38
Issue2
Pagination237-44
Date Published2007
ISSN0022-4375
KeywordsAdolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Age Factors, Australia, Automobile Driver Examination, Automobile Driving, Humans, Licensure, Public Policy, Risk-Taking, Safety, Time Factors
Abstract

Australian young driver education and training approaches have differed from the mandatory school-based programs found internationally; generally comprising voluntary programs conducted outside of licensing. This paper reports on recent developments pertaining to the pre-learner, learner, and provisional license stages. Given its important context, state-based graduated driver licensing systems are also reviewed. There has been a shift toward starting driver education younger (pre-learner), greater involvement of parents, and more school-based programs; many now conducted by licensing authorities. The majority of initiatives are yet to be evaluated, particularly relative to crash outcomes; however, some studies suggest other positive outcomes, including increased supervised practice and delayed licensure. Furthermore, the federal government is proceeding with plans for a national license-based program. Several jurisdictions have also announced the introduction of passenger and nighttime restrictions on provisional licenses. Together these initiatives offer promise of reductions in young driver-related fatalities and injuries in the very near future.

DOI10.1016/j.jsr.2007.03.002
Alternate JournalJ Safety Res
PubMed ID17478194