|Title||Recent developments in young driver education, training and licensing in Australia.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Journal||J Safety Res|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Age Factors, Australia, Automobile Driver Examination, Automobile Driving, Humans, Licensure, Public Policy, Risk-Taking, Safety, Time Factors|
Australian young driver education and training approaches have differed from the mandatory school-based programs found internationally; generally comprising voluntary programs conducted outside of licensing. This paper reports on recent developments pertaining to the pre-learner, learner, and provisional license stages. Given its important context, state-based graduated driver licensing systems are also reviewed. There has been a shift toward starting driver education younger (pre-learner), greater involvement of parents, and more school-based programs; many now conducted by licensing authorities. The majority of initiatives are yet to be evaluated, particularly relative to crash outcomes; however, some studies suggest other positive outcomes, including increased supervised practice and delayed licensure. Furthermore, the federal government is proceeding with plans for a national license-based program. Several jurisdictions have also announced the introduction of passenger and nighttime restrictions on provisional licenses. Together these initiatives offer promise of reductions in young driver-related fatalities and injuries in the very near future.
|Alternate Journal||J Safety Res|