Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in parents of injured children.

TitleAcute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in parents of injured children.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsKassam-Adams N, Fleisher C L, Winston FK
JournalJ Trauma Stress
Volume22
Issue4
Pagination294-302
Date Published2009 Aug
ISSN1573-6598
KeywordsAccidents, Traffic, Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Interview, Psychological, Male, Parents, Severity of Illness Index, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Stress, Psychological, Wounds and Injuries
Abstract

Acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were examined in 334 parents of children with traffic-related injuries. In the first month after their child's injury, 12% of parents had ASD and another 25% had partial ASD. Among 251 parents assessed again approximately 6 months postinjury, 8% had PTSD and another 7% had partial PTSD. The ASD and PTSD severity were associated (r = .54), but ASD status was not a sensitive predictor of later PTSD. Independent predictors of ASD severity included prior trauma exposure, peritrauma exposure and perceptions of the child's pain and life threat, and child ASD severity. Independent predictors of PTSD severity included prior trauma exposure, parent ASD severity, and parent-rated child physical health at follow-up.

DOI10.1002/jts.20424
Alternate JournalJ Trauma Stress
PubMed ID19637323