Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assault.

TitleInvestigating the link between gun possession and gun assault.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBranas CC, Richmond TS, Culhane DP, Ten Have TR, Wiebe DJ
JournalAm J Public Health
Volume99
Issue11
Pagination2034-40
Date Published2009 Nov
ISSN1541-0048
KeywordsAccident Prevention, Adult, Aged, Case-Control Studies, Female, Firearms, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Philadelphia, Violence, Wounds, Gunshot, Young Adult
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the possible relationship between being shot in an assault and possession of a gun at the time.

METHODS: We enrolled 677 case participants that had been shot in an assault and 684 population-based control participants within Philadelphia, PA, from 2003 to 2006. We adjusted odds ratios for confounding variables.

RESULTS: After adjustment, individuals in possession of a gun were 4.46 (P < .05) times more likely to be shot in an assault than those not in possession. Among gun assaults where the victim had at least some chance to resist, this adjusted odds ratio increased to 5.45 (P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: On average, guns did not protect those who possessed them from being shot in an assault. Although successful defensive gun uses occur each year, the probability of success may be low for civilian gun users in urban areas. Such users should reconsider their possession of guns or, at least, understand that regular possession necessitates careful safety countermeasures.

DOI10.2105/AJPH.2008.143099
Alternate JournalAm J Public Health
PubMed ID19762675