|Title||The effect of business improvement districts on the incidence of violent crimes.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||MacDonald J, Golinelli D, Stokes RJ, Bluthenthal R|
|Date Published||2010 Oct|
|Keywords||Bayes Theorem, Commerce, Crime, Female, Humans, Incidence, Los Angeles, Male, Marketing, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Violence|
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether business improvement districts (BID) contributed to greater than expected declines in the incidence of violent crimes in affected neighbourhoods.
METHOD: A Bayesian hierarchical model was used to assess the changes in the incidence of violent crimes between 1994 and 2005 and the implementation of 30 BID in Los Angeles neighbourhoods.
RESULTS: The implementation of BID was associated with a 12% reduction in the incidence of robbery (95% posterior probability interval -2 to 24) and an 8% reduction in the total incidence of violent crimes (95% posterior probability interval -5 to 21). The strength of the effect of BID on robbery crimes varied by location.
CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that the implementation of BID can reduce the incidence of violent crimes likely to result in injury to individuals. The findings also indicate that the establishment of a BID by itself is not a panacea, and highlight the importance of targeting BID efforts to crime prevention interventions that reduce violence exposure associated with criminal behaviours.
|Alternate Journal||Inj. Prev.|