Adolescence, Attention Allocation, and Driving Safety.

TitleAdolescence, Attention Allocation, and Driving Safety.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRomer D, Lee Y-C, McDonald CC, Winston FK
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Volume54
Issue5S
PaginationS6-S15
Date Published2014 May
ISSN1879-1972
Abstract

Motor vehicle crashes are the leading source of morbidity and mortality in adolescents in the United States and the developed world. Inadequate allocation of attention to the driving task and to driving hazards are important sources of adolescent crashes. We review major explanations for these attention failures with particular focus on the roles that brain immaturity and lack of driving experience play in causing attention problems. The review suggests that the potential for overcoming inexperience and immaturity with training to improve attention to both the driving task and hazards is substantial. Nevertheless, there are large individual differences in both attentional abilities and risky driving tendencies that pose challenges to novice driver policies. Research that can provide evidence-based direction for such policies is urgently needed.

DOI10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.10.202
Alternate JournalJ Adolesc Health
PubMed ID24759442
Grant ListK99 NR013548 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States