Special Considerations in Distracted Driving with Teens

TitleSpecial Considerations in Distracted Driving with Teens
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDurbin D, DV MG, Fisher DL, McCartt A
JournalAnnals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
Volume58
Issue3
Start Page69
Pagination69-83
Date Published03/2014
Type of Articlejournal
Keywordscell phones, distracted driving, enhanced driving, teen crashes
Abstract
Novice teen drivers have long been known to have an increased risk of crashing, as well as increased tendencies toward unsafe and risky driving behaviors. Teens are unique as drivers for several reasons, many of which have implications specifically in the area of distracted driving. This paper reviews several of these features, including the widespread prevalence of mobile device use by teens, their lack of driving experience, the influence of peer passengers as a source of distraction, the role of parents in influencing teens’ attitudes and behaviors relevant to distracted driving and the impact of laws designed to prevent mobile device use by teen drivers. Recommendations for future research includeunderstanding how engagement in a variety of secondary tasks byteen drivers affects their drivingperformance or crash risk; understanding the respective roles of parents, peers and technology in influencing teen driver behavior; and evaluating the impact of public policy on mitigating teen crash risk related to driver distraction.