Preliminary examination of a cartoon-based hostile attributional bias measure for urban African American boys.

TitlePreliminary examination of a cartoon-based hostile attributional bias measure for urban African American boys.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLeff SS, Lefler EK, Khera GS, Paskewich B, Jawad AF
JournalAm J Community Psychol
Volume49
Issue3-4
Pagination332-46
Date Published2012 Jun
ISSN1573-2770
KeywordsAfrican Americans, Bullying, Cartoons as Topic, Child, Community-Based Participatory Research, Humans, Male, Prejudice, Psychometrics, United States, Urban Population
Abstract

The current study illustrates how researchers developed and validated a cartoon-based adaptation of a written hostile attributional bias measure for a sample of urban, low-income, African American boys. A series of studies were conducted to develop cartoon illustrations to accompany a standard written hostile attributional bias vignette measure (Study 1), to determine initial psychometric properties (Study 2) and acceptability (Study 3), and to conduct a test-retest reliability trial of the adapted measure in a separate sample (Study 4). These studies utilize a participatory action research approach to measurement design and adaptation, and suggest that collaborations between researchers and key school stakeholders can lead to measures that are psychometrically strong, developmentally appropriate, and culturally sensitive. In addition, the cartoon-based hostile attributional bias measure appears to have promise as an assessment and/or outcome measure for aggression and bullying prevention programs conducted with urban African American boys.

DOI10.1007/s10464-011-9461-y
Alternate JournalAm J Community Psychol
PubMed ID21800228
Grant List5 U49 CE001093 / CE / NCIPC CDC HHS / United States
R01MH075787 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R34MH072982 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States