Relationship of Internet health information use with patient behavior and self-efficacy: experiences of newly diagnosed cancer patients who contact the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service.

TitleRelationship of Internet health information use with patient behavior and self-efficacy: experiences of newly diagnosed cancer patients who contact the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsFleisher L, Ruzek SBurt, Gordon TF, McKeown-Conn N, Moore D
JournalJ Health Commun
Volume11
Issue2
Pagination219-36
Date Published2006 Mar
ISSN1081-0730
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Female, Health Education, Humans, Internet, Interviews as Topic, Male, Middle Aged, National Institutes of Health (U.S.), Neoplasms, New England, Self Efficacy, United States
Abstract

This study examines the relationship of Internet health information use with patient behavior and self-efficacy among 498 newly diagnosed cancer patients. Subjects were classified by types of Internet use: direct use (used Internet health information themselves), indirect use (used information accessed by friends or family), and non-use (never accessing Internet information). Subjects were recruited from callers of the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service, Atlantic Region. They were classified by type of Internet use at enrollment and interviewed by telephone after 8 weeks. There were significant relationships among Internet use and key study variables: subject characteristics, patient task behavior, and self-efficacy. Subjects' Internet use changed significantly from enrollment to 8 week follow-up; 19% of nonusers and indirect users moved to a higher level of Internet use. Significant relationships also were found among Internet use and perceived patient-provider relationship, question asking, and treatment compliance. Finally, Internet use was also significantly associated with self-efficacy variables (confidence in actively participating in treatment decisions, asking physicians questions, and sharing feelings of concern). The results of this study show that patients who are newly diagnosed with cancer perceive the Internet as a powerful tool, both for acquiring information and for enhancing confidence to make informed decisions.

DOI10.1080/10810730500526794
Alternate JournalJ Health Commun
PubMed ID16537289
Grant List1 R03 CA90145-01 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States