Pediatric Biomechanics

50 Years Later: The Rear-facing Child Seat

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the rear-facing child safety seat, a pivotal innovation in the field of child occupant protection. While there have been impressive strides made in child passenger safety in the US and abroad over the past few decades, there is still work to be done to ensure all children are optimally protected in motor vehicle crashes.

Children in Hot Cars: No Single Solution to These Preventable Tragedies

This blog explores how a multi-faceted approach is needed to reduce the prevalence of pediatric heat stroke. A combination of education, awareness, and technology can help families avoid these preventable tragedies.

The Infinite Possibilities of Finite Element Modeling

CIRP training in motion: Using Finite Element Modeling to Reduce Car Crash Injuries

Lifesavers: CIRP Shares Engineering Behavioral and Community-based Research to Protect Child Occupants

The Lifesavers Conference (Nashville, April 27-29, 2014) provides tremendous continuing education around child passenger safety (CPS) through its Occupant Protection for Children track. My colleague from SafeKids Worldwide, Lorrie Walker, and her committee have worked to assemble the most current information on CPS over 13 different workshops and six pre-conference workshops. Read about what CIRP@CHOP will be presenting in four of these workshops.

Child Injury Prevention Holiday Wish List

In the spirit of my previous Thanksgiving post about items for which I’m grateful in the pediatric injury world, I thought I’d make my holiday “wish list” for the next year and beyond.

Helmets Prevent Concussions? Not So Fast

Although well-intentioned, helmets and playing/practice standards such as hit counts have jumped ahead of the science in concussion prevention. This and other topics are covered in release of the Institute of Medicine’s report on youth sports-related concussion, released today.

The Biomechanics Behind Child Passenger Safety

If you are a Research in Action reader in the field of child passenger safety, you know the safest ways to properly restrain a child in a motor vehicle and may even work to educate parents on this topic. What may be less obvious, however, is the complex body of biomechanical engineering research behind the current best practice recommendations.

Setting the International Agenda for Child Passenger Safety Advancement

While culture may be different and the specifics of restraint best practices may vary, at the core, optimizing protection of children in motor vehicle crashes is an international priority. To this end I, along with colleagues at SAFER, the Vehicle and Traffic Safety Research Center at Chalmers University in Göteborg, Sweden, organized an international strategy session titled “Child Occupant Protection: Latest Knowledge and Future Opportunities.” The planning group brought together international leaders in the fields of child occupant protection, biomechanics and auto safety from the US, Sweden, Australia, Canada, Spain and France for an intense two-day brainstorming September 6-7 in Sweden.

A Rare Look Into a Rare Event- School Bus Crash Investigation

School bus transportation remains the safest form of ground transportation in the US. Because injuries and fatalities involving school bus crashes are rare, when they do happen, it’s all the more important to understand the mechanisms of injury to child passengers. Recently my CIRP@CHOP colleague Kristy Arbogast, PhD and I were presented with a unique opportunity by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) to assist with an investigation into a fatal 2012 school bus crash in Port St. Lucie, FL.

Using the Lab to Improve Tools for Child Restraint System Safety Design

I recently received practical questions from an audience of Child Passenger Safety (CPS) technicians about how they should share with parents the results of my on-going research. The short answer is: continue to educate parents exactly as you have been doing using current National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) guidelines. Child safety seats and booster seats, as they are, are very effective at protecting children in crashes. However, until all preventable injuries have been eliminated, we will strive to continue to reduce that risk. One way is to improve the tools we use to design child restraint systems...

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